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What Are Chino Pants? (Complete Guide)

What Are Chino Pants

Chino pants, also known as khakis, are a versatile and comfortable type of casual trousers made from chino cloth. Chino cloth is a twill fabric, typically composed of 100% cotton.

Chinos first became popular in the mid-19th century when they were worn by British and French military officers stationed in India. The pants were well-suited for the hot climate and adopted into civilian wardrobes as casual attire.

Today, chino pants remain a wardrobe staple around the world. They transition seamlessly from casual daywear to smart business casual attire. Their characteristic lightweight fabric and straightforward styling make chinos a functional, breathable, and relaxed option for warm weather dressing.

In this comprehensive guide, we will cover everything you need to know about chino pants, including:

  • History and origins
  • Styles and designs
  • Fit and sizing
  • Fabrics and materials
  • Care and maintenance
  • Outfit ideas and how to wear chinos
  • Top chino brands

Let’s explore the versatile world of chino pants!

History and Origins of Chino Pants

British and French Military Origins

As mentioned, chino cloth and chino pants originated in the mid-1800s for British and French military officers stationed in India. The innovative twill fabric allowed for ventilation and ease of movement in hot climates while preventing insects from biting through the tightly woven threads.

The off-white cotton fabric was called “khaki” derived from the Hindi word meaning “dusty” or “earth colored”. It was durable and blended into the terrain for camouflage purposes.

Khaki drill uniforms and pants became standard kit for troops serving in tropical colonies. As military personnel returned home on leave wearing their lightweight chinos, the practical pants transitioned into mainstream fashion.

Chinos Enter the US

Chinos were first introduced in the United States in the early 1900s. Upscale outfitters began importing khaki twill fabric and making trousers modeled after British military cuts.

The pants were marketed to Ivy League university students and other fashionable young men as comfortable, relaxed weekend attire. This clientele coined the term “chinos” referring to the Chinese origin of the khaki fabric.

By World War II, chinos had become commonplace as everyday casual wear across American universities and suburbs. Soldiers returning home from the war continued wearing their military-issued khakis as off-duty apparel, further cementing chinos as a staple of the casual American wardrobe.

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Chinos as Modern Fashion

After the war, chino pants followed evolving fashion trends through the decades. The full-cut khakis of the 1940s gave way to a trimmer, tailored silhouette in the 1950s. The 1960s ushered in hippie styles with bell-bottoms and military green shades.

In the 1980s, chinos came in a range of colors like black, gray, burgundy and bright shades. Full-cut fits returned in the 90s as part of the grunge movement. Today, men’s chino styles are diverse, appearing in slim, straight, tapered, cropped, or relaxed fits. The timeless versatility of chinos remains their enduring appeal.

Styles and Designs of Chino Pants

Styles and Designs of Chino Pants

Chino pants now come in a variety of styles and designs to suit any personal taste, body type, and occasion. Here are some of the most popular cuts and fits of chinos for men:

Classic Fit

  • Straight leg cut
  • Medium rise
  • Relaxed through hip and thigh
  • Versatile for both casual and business wear

Slim Fit

  • Trim, tailored silhouette
  • Flat front
  • Tapered leg
  • Good for athletic body types

Skinny Fit

  • Fitted through hip and thigh
  • Tapered leg opening

Athletic/Muscle Fit

  • Added room through seat and thigh
  • Tapered leg

Pleated Front

  • Frontal pleats
  • Relaxed fit
  • Classic, preppy vibe

Cuffed Leg

  • Short cuffs at the hem
  • Cropped above ankle
  • Vintage military inspiration

Performance Stretch

  • Woven with spandex/elastane
  • Enhanced comfort and mobility

Popular Colors and Patterns

Chinos transcend their military origins and now come in a rainbow of different colors and patterns:

Neutrals

  • Khaki (light tan)
  • Olive
  • Beige
  • Gray
  • Navy
  • Black

Earth Tones

  • Sand
  • Stone
  • Taupe
  • Brown
  • Rust
  • Mustard

Pastels

  • Light blue
  • Lavender
  • Baby pink
  • Mint

Brights

  • Red
  • Royal blue
  • Kelly green
  • Yellow

Patterns

  • Plaid
  • Check
  • Stripes
  • Houndstooth
  • Camo

Fit and Sizing of Chino Pants

Finding the right fit is crucial to looking sharp in chinos. Follow these tips for the best fit:

Waist

The waistband should sit comfortably at your natural waist without gaping or squeezing. Allow a finger’s width to easily slide down the back when wearing a belt.

Seat

Look for a “neat seat” with a smooth drape through the rear. Pants should not pull or wrinkle at the pockets. Size up if too tight.

Thighs

Chinos shouldn’t cling to your thighs. Make sure walking and sitting are comfortable. Size up if too snug.

Leg Opening

The leg opening should align with your preferred silhouette. Avoid bunching fabric around the ankles. Cropped chinos should hit above the ankle bone.

Break

The break is where the hem “breaks” over your shoe. A quarter break hits mid-shoe; a half break at the laces. Full breaks puddle over your shoes.

Rise

The rise refers to the distance between the crotch and waistband. Mid/medium rise hits near the belly button for most. Low rise pants sit below the hips. High rise hits at the belly button or higher.

Fabrics and Materials for Chinos

Chino pants are traditionally made from 100% cotton twill fabric. However, today’s chinos incorporate many other materials:

100% Cotton

Most classic chinos are pure cotton, making them breathable and durable. Pima or Egyptian cotton offers a smooth, luxurious handfeel.

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Cotton-Polyester Blends

Blended fabrics add wrinkle resistance and stretch. Typically a 60/40 to 70/30 ratio of cotton to polyester.

Cotton-Spandex Blends

Spandex woven into chinos allows for stretch and enhanced mobility. Great for athletic builds.

Corduroy

Made from cotton cut in ridged wales. Provides warmth and texture for fall/winter wear.

Linen or Hemp

Natural fibers that feel lightweight and airy. Help keep you cool in hot weather. Wrinkle easily.

Performance Stretch

Adds elastane to weave for maximum flexibility and moisture-wicking. Popular for golf, hiking, travel.

Chambray

Cotton woven to mimic denim, but much softer. Often in light blue shades.

Top Brands Known for Chinos

Several menswear brands have become well-known for producing top quality chinos. Here are some of the most popular chino pant brands:

J.Crew

Famous for perfecting the modern, slim chino fit. Great range of colors. Medium-high price point.

Dockers

Specializes in chinos for decades. Known for affordable, durable khakis in classic and modern fits.

Bonobos

“Original stretch chino” with athletic, slim, and straight fits. Fun colors and patterns.

Banana Republic

Offers a variety of chino styles and fabrics like corduroy and performance. Sophisticated finishes.

Brooks Brothers

Legacy American brand. Makes chinos in traditional tailored fit and relaxed vintage styles.

Polo Ralph Lauren

Iconic chinos featuring the preppy, country club aesthetic. Available in wide range of colors/finishes.

Levi’s

Casual chinos with denim styling details and fits. Ideal for a laidback look.

Club Monaco

Sleek, modern chinos in skinny and slim fits. Streamlined color palette.

Uniqlo

Affordable, minimalist chinos in a variety of cotton blends and colors. Known for quality basics.

How to Wear Chinos: Outfit Ideas

Chino pants offer incredible versatility. Here are some ideas to look stylish in chinos for any occasion:

Occasion Top Pairings Footwear
Casual Daywear Polo, t-shirt, Oxford button-down, sweater Sneakers, loafers, ankle boots
Business Casual Dress shirt, knit polo, sweater Oxfords, loafers, monk straps
Smart Casual Button-down, sweater, bomber or Harrington jacket Chukkas, Chelsea boots, oxfords
Evening Casual Oxford shirt, casual sportcoat, sweater Loafers, boots, dress slip-ons
Golf Course Polo or performance shirt, vest Golf shoes, driving loafers
Summer Vacation T-shirt, linen shirt, tank top Boat shoes, sandals, espadrilles

Some quick tips for wearing chinos:

  • Cuff jeans offer a vintage vibe. Leave uncuffed for a clean, contemporary look.
  • Pair cuffed chinos with slip-on shoes to show off the hem.
  • Tuck in heavier tops like Oxford shirts and sweaters. Wear tees and polos untucked.
  • Add a blazer to pull chinos into smart-casual territory.
  • Flip-flops and shortsleeve button-downs are too informal.
  • Avoid overdressing with ties, dress shirts, or suits.

Chinos offer endless versatility year-round. Mixed and matched with other wardrobe staples, they can constitute the foundation of any man’s closet.

Caring for and Maintaining Chinos

Chinos are fairly low-maintenance. However, proper care will extend their lifespan. Here are handy chino cleaning tips:

  • Read labels – Follow instructed washing methods, temperatures, and dryer settings.
  • Wash in cold water – Hot water can shrink, fade, or distort shape.
  • Air dry when possible – Limit dryer use to avoid shrinking or wrinkling.
  • Use delicate cycles – For added shape retention, especially for slim fits.
  • Touch up stains – Pretreat any stains before washing. Avoid bleach.
  • Remove promptly from dryer – Prevent wrinkles by promptly hanging or folding.
  • Lightly iron if needed – Iron inside out using medium heat. Steam refreshing may suffice between washes.
  • Inspect before storing – Check for spots, wrinkles; treat before folding away. Roll rather than stack to avoid imprint creases.
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With some basic care, your chinos can maintain their fit, color, and overall appearance season after season.

Frequently Asked Questions about Chino Pants

Here are answers to some of the most common questions about chino pants:

Are chinos casual or dressy?

Chinos strike a versatile balance between casual and dressy. They can work for daytime business casual looks, but also pair well with tees and polos for weekend wear. Chinos become dressier when paired with certain tops, shoes, and accessories.

What is the difference between chinos and khaki pants?

Originally khaki referred to the sand/tan cotton twill fabric, while chinos described the pants made from it. Today the terms are used interchangeably for the same style of cotton casual trousers, whether tan or other colors.

Can women wear chinos?

Definitely! Women’s chinos are nearly identical to the men’s version – made from cotton twill in multiple colors. They comprise a key component of the women’s workwear, business casual, and weekend wardrobes.

Are pleated or flat front chinos more flattering?

This comes down to body type and personal preference. Flat fronts provide a slim, streamlined look. Pleated fronts allow more room through the hips and thighs for a relaxed silhouette. Try on both to see which style suits your shape best.

What shoes to wear with chinos?

Chinos pair well with many shoe styles including sneakers, loafers, boots, oxfords, monks straps, espadrilles, and more, depending on the formality of the look. Avoid overly clunky or flashy shoes that would overwhelm the pants. Simple, clean shoes keep the focus on chinos’ understated style.

Conclusion

From 19th century military issue to modern menswear staple, chino pants have firmly established themselves in fashion history. With their breathable cotton fabric, straightforward styling, and day-to-night versatility, it is easy to understand chinos’ enduring appeal.

This guide covered everything from the military origins of chinos to present day wear. We explored fit, color, fabric, and brand options along with tips for styling, cleaning, and maintaining your chinos.

Chino pants belong in every man’s casual wardrobe lineup. Following this guide’s advice can help you choose the right pair and maximize their use in your own unique style. So embrace this classic menswear staple to inject a bit of timeless, laidback polish into your everyday wear!

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